What to do if children have diarrhea

What to do if you have diarrhea in children Diarrhea in children is usually caused by bacteria entering the stomach. In children, diarrhea is a cause for concern. Because children are more at risk of dehydration from diarrhea than adults. This dehydration can be serious if not treated. How to prevent diarrhea and dehydration in children is available here. What to do if children have diarrhea

 

 

 

 

 

Symptoms of diarrhea in children

We usually use the words ‘diarrhea’ and ‘loose stool’ interchangeably. But in medical terms, soft or thin stool does not mean diarrhea. Soft or loose stools three or more times a day is usually called diarrhea.

In babies who are breastfed, their stools are naturally soft and sticky. It’s not diarrhea. However, if your child has thinner stools than usual, this is also considered diarrhea. What to do if children have diarrhea

 

 

 

 

 

Signs of dehydration in children

When diarrhea occurs, a lot of water and various salts are released from the body. If this deficiency is not met, dehydration occurs. And if this dehydration goes to an extreme level it can lead to death. So the first treatment for diarrhea is to rehydrate. The main symptoms of dehydration are:

 

 

 

 

 

  • dry mouth
  • thirsty
  • Dry or itchy eyes
  • Dry mouth and lips
  • Dark yellow, strong-smelling urine
  • Decreased urination (fewer than 4 urinations in 24 hours)
  • Dizziness or light-headedness
  • Feeling tired

 

 

 

 

Some common symptoms are seen in children under 5 years of age. These symptoms are relatively serious, so it is important to take the child to the doctor immediately. Symptoms include:

 

 

 

 

  • Increased breathing and heart rate,

  • Crying but not crying

  • Sitting on the front soft part of the scalp, and

  • slack off

  • Causes of diarrhea in children

 

 

 

 

 

 

The most common causes of diarrhea are:

Infections or infections in the stomach. It is also called gastroenteritis. It usually heals within a few days.
An attack by a virus called norovirus.
A common cause of loose stools or diarrhea is also food poisoning or food poisoning.

 

 

 

 

 

 

What to do if children have diarrhea

Other causes of diarrhea or loose stools include:

Drug Side Effects – Read the instructions that come with any drug to see what the drug’s side effects are.
Allergy to certain foods or intolerance to certain foods
Celiac disease
Covid-19

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home remedies for loose stools in children

You can usually treat your baby’s diarrhea at home. The most important thing in this case is to drink plenty of fluids and eat food to avoid dehydration. What to do if children have diarrhea

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Treatment of dehydration in children with diarrhea

The main thing to do in the treatment of diarrhea is to fill the lack of water and salt in the body. Therefore, in case of diarrhea, the child should be given sufficient amount of food saline as well as plenty of liquid and nutritious food.

After each bowel movement, give 50-100 mL of fluid to children under 2 years of age, 100-200 mL of fluid to children 2 to 10 years of age, and as much fluid as possible to children 10 years of age. What to do if children have diarrhea

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. What should children eat if they have diarrhea?

Continue to breastfeed or bottle feed the baby. If the child vomits, you can eat little by little.
Liquid drinks include chira water, rice starch or coconut water. You can mix little salt in rice powder.
For babies who are on formula or solid foods, give small sips of water between meals.

Feed the baby every three to four hours. It is better to eat small amounts rather than giving too much food at a time.

Prepare and feed baby formula according to the instructions provided. Do not feed the baby with thinner formula than this.

 

 

 

 

 

 

What not to eat if you have diarrhea

There is no reason to believe that feeding a child certain foods will cure diarrhea. For example, there is a widespread belief that diarrhea patients can eat nothing but white rice and glass containers. This idea is not correct. All types of nutritious food prepared in a clean environment should be eaten even if the toilet is thin. However, in case of diarrhea, avoid giving fruit juice, soft drinks etc. bought from the market to the child. Eating these can make diarrhea worse.

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Diarrhea medicine

Diarrhea usually stops within 5-6 days, but dehydration due to diarrhea requires immediate treatment. In most cases, it is possible to get rid of diarrhea with home remedies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following medicines are available for diarrhea:

1. Dietary Saline:

It is generally recommended to give the child a high dose of dietary saline in proportion to their age after each bout of diarrhoea. Even if you don’t have food saline at home, you can make food saline at home. Chira water, rice starch, or coconut water can also be given. You can mix little salt in rice powder. If you feel nauseous, try to feed little by little. What to do if children have diarrhea

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Zinc Tablets:

Studies have shown that the drug zinc tablets can reduce the duration of loose stools by one-fourth. 20 mg zinc tablets or syrup can be given to the child for 10-14 days as per doctor’s advice.

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Paracetamol:

Paracetamol can be taken in case of stomach discomfort. Before giving the medicine to the child, read the instructions carefully with the medicine and take the right amount of medicine according to the age.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Loperamide-like drugs

In an emergency, the doctor may prescribe a loperamide-type medicine to stop the stool for a few hours. However, the drug should not be used in children under 12 years of age. It can be harmful to health.

The child should be given nutritious food along with diarrhea medicine. Malnutrition is one of the leading causes of diarrhea in children. Therefore, infants below six months of age should continue to be breastfed and older infants should continue to eat nutritious food. However, keep in mind that severe dehydration may require hospitalization and intravenous saline.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medicines that should not be taken in case of diarrhea

Children under 12 should not take anti-diarrhea medicine.
Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age. Make sure the word ASPIRIN is written below the drug name.
Do not take any antibiotics or over-the-counter laxatives without first consulting your doctor. What to do if children have diarrhea

 

 

 

 

 

 

What to do to prevent the spread of diarrhea in the family

If loose stools or diarrhea occur, the patient needs adequate rest. On the one hand, it will help in quick recovery, on the other hand, it will also play an important role in stopping the spread of diarrhea.

Keep the child at home for at least two days after the diarrhea clears up. Do not send your child to school or play in the field. Otherwise this loose stool or diarrhea can spread to others.

 

 

 

 

 

 

To prevent the spread of diarrhea:

  • Remember to wash your baby’s hands frequently with soap and water.
  • Wash clothing or bedding that came in contact with the toilet separately in hot water.
  • Clean water faucets, doorknobs, toilet seats, flush handles, and other areas that may come in contact with germs daily.
  • Don’t forget to do this if you have diarrhea
  • Do not share baby food, knives, towels, clothes with anyone.
  • Do not put the child in a pond or swimming pool until 2 weeks have passed after the symptoms have gone.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When should a child go to the doctor for diarrhea?

In case of diarrhoea, consult a doctor immediately if any of the following symptoms occur. Serious symptoms of diarrhea are:

 

 

 

 

 

  • Blood or sticky mucus in the toilet,
  • severe abdominal pain,
  • Diarrhea does not improve.
  • Not urinating once in 12 hours,

 

 

 

 

 

 

Symptoms of dehydration are mentioned above

Fever for more than 48 hours with diarrhea, i.e. body temperature above 101 degrees F, and the child has cold hands and feet and a rash on the skin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What to do if children have diarrhea

These indicate a serious condition, so it is important to start treatment with the help of a doctor as soon as possible.

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