The Jewish competition of Rededication, also referred to as the pageant of lighting fixtures, is an 8-day birthday celebration that falls each 12 months on the Hebrew calendar date of 25 Kislev, which commonly falls in December in the Gregorian calendar. (In 2021, Hanukkah is November 28 through December 6.) Hanukkah, additionally referred to as hanukah, celebrates the rededication of the second Jewish temple in Jerusalem.
whilst IS HANUKKAH 2021?
Hanukkah, which means that ‘willpower’ in Hebrew, starts on the 25th of Kislev at the Hebrew calendar and normally falls in November or December. frequently called the pageant of lighting, the vacation is well known with the lighting fixtures of the menorah, conventional meals, video games, and presents.
History OF HANUKKAH
The 8-day Jewish party called Hanukkah or Chanukah commemorates the rededication at some stage in the second century B.C. of the second one Temple in Jerusalem, in which Jews had risen up towards their Greek-Syrian oppressors within the Maccabean revolt. This institution of Jews are referred to as the Maccabees. The call became shaped from the primary letters of a Hebrew phrase, “Mi Kamocha Ba’eilim Hashem,” which translates to “who is such as you, God.”
The records of Hanukkah – similar to the histories of many religious or historic vacations – has various beginning and finishing factors. The events that stimulated the Hanukkah excursion occurred for the duration of a in particular turbulent segment of Jewish history. around two hundred B.C., Judea — that is cutting-edge-day Israel/Palestine — came underneath the manage of Antiochus III, the Seleucid king of Syria, who allowed the Jews who lived there to keep training their faith. His son, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, proved less benevolent. historical assets recount that he outlawed the Jewish religion and ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods.
In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV Epiphanes squaddies descended upon Jerusalem, massacring lots of people and desecrating the metropolis’s holy 2nd Temple by means of erecting an altar to Zeus and sacrificing pigs within its sacred walls.
Led with the aid of the Jewish priest Mattathias and his five sons, a big-scale rebel broke out in opposition to Antiochus and the Seleucid monarchy. while Matthathias died in 166 B.C., his son Judah, known as Judah Maccabee — ‘the Hammer — took the helm. within years the Jews had correctly driven the Syrians out of Jerusalem, relying in large part on guerilla struggle techniques. The revolts became out to be a fulfillment, and the Jews regained the rights to practice their faith of their temples. so that you can do so, Judah called on his fans to cleanse the temple and light a menorah with oil that have been blessed with the aid of the excessive priest all night every night until the brand new altar can be constructed over the antique one.
this is the gold candelabrum whose seven branches represented understanding and advent and turned into supposed to be saved burning each night time. however, there has been best one flask of oil left that could handiest remaining for one night time. They lit it anyway and it stayed lit for 8 days, the amount of time needed to press new oil.
in keeping with the Talmud, one in every of Judaism’s maximum relevant texts, Judah Maccabee and the opposite Jews who took part inside the rededication of the second Temple witnessed what they believed to be a miracle. even though there has been most effective sufficient untainted olive oil to maintain the menorah’s candles burning for a single day, the flames endured flickering for 8 nights, leaving them time to find a fresh deliver. This wondrous occasion inspired the Jewish sages to proclaim a yearly eight-day pageant.
The story of Hanukkah does not seem in the Torah due to the fact the activities that stimulated the vacation passed off after it became written. it’s miles, however, mentioned in the New testament, wherein Jesus attends a ‘banquet of willpower.’
Hanukkah celebrations start whilst the solar sets on the 25th of Kislev, which commonly happens from late November thru December. every night because the sun sets, one branch of the Hanukkah menorah is lit via the shamash, making up the ninth and tallest department on the menorah. historically, candles are lit from right to left, even though there may be no person correct order wherein to place and light the candles.
Prayers accompany every night’s candle lighting fixtures. as soon as the menorah is lit, it’s far often placed in a door or window that faces the street to proportion the mild with friends. conventional songs comply with during the night. food plays an critical component in Hanukkah, which incorporates those fried in oil to commemorate the miracle, mainly ‘latkes’ and ‘sufganiyot.
165 BC – The time of the victory of the Maccabees over the Syrians and the re-determination of the second one Temple of Jerusalem.
32 toes – the peak of the Menorah at the Grand navy Plaza in new york, the largest inside the international.
1951 – Harry Truman changed into the first president to rejoice Hanukkah on the White house, where he widespread a Menorah as a gift from the high Minister of Israel, David Ben Gurion.
four – The four-side spinning pinnacle was invente as a distraction when the Greek-Syrians had outlawed Jewish research, so the Jews spun dreidels to fake they were simply playing video games while they engage with their scripture.
175 million – The wide variety of jelly donuts consumed in Israel during Hanukkah
5 – The quantity of substances used to make potato ‘latkes’, or potato pancakes — a delicious Hanukkah speciality.
9 – The menorah holds nine candles, eight of which constitute each night of Hanukkah.
forty,000 – The anticipated range of soldiers the Maccabees, led by means of Judah the robust, defended themselves towards.
164 BC – The time when Yehudit (Judith) serve salty cheese to a Greek trendy, who quenche his thirst with wine so much he hande out and got his head choppe off!
323 BC – After Alexander the extremely good die, the Seleucid Empire arose out of his fracture empire, the land where Israel is now.