Ekushey February now additionally known as simply Ekushey, 21 February, Shaheed Dibas (Martyrs’ Day) and, considering that 2000, international mother language day. On 21 February 1952, corresponding to eight Falgun 1359 inside the Bangla calendar, some of college students campaigning for the recognition of Bangla as one of the kingdom languages of pakistan had been killed while police fired upon them.
Even earlier than the introduction of Pakistan in 1947, there were demands that Bangla be made the nation language of Pakistan. In July 1947, Dr muhammad shahidullah advised that, after the departure of the British, Bangla could be made the nation language of the brand new state. quickly after the creation of Pakistan, at the primary consultation of the Pakistan Legislative assembly on 23 February 1948, dhirendranath datta proposed that Bangla be made one of the languages of the meeting at the side of English and urdu. The idea was rejected.
In March 1948, Governor standard mohammed ali jinnah arrived in East Pakistan. On 21 March 1948, at a public meeting in dhaka, he declared that Urdu on my own would be the country language of Pakistan. sooner or later khwaja nazimuddin, who had come to be high Minister of Pakistan following the assassination of liaquat ali khan, visited East Pakistan in January 1952. On 27 January, at a public assembly at Paltan Maidan, he reiterated Jinnah’s pronouncement that Urdu would be the only country language of Pakistan.
In protest, the Dhaka college national Language Committee called for a token strike on January 30. A assembly became held on the day at Amtala (beneath a mango tree), on the university campus, wherein students pledged to carry on the language motion. A selection become additionally taken to observe a strike in all academic institutions of the province on four February. the next day, an all-birthday party assembly was held on the Dhaka Bar Library at which Maulana abdul hamid khan bhasani presided. at the assembly a 40-member All-celebration national Language motion Committee become shaped. The meeting supported the strike call on February 4.
hence, a strike turned into observed in all academic institutions on February four. A scholar meeting on the day called for a province-wide hartal on 21 February. The government, on its part, invoked segment 144 on 20 February, banning public meetings, rallies and processions. competition politicians had been unwilling to get worried in a conflict with the authorities just earlier than a widespread election. The All-birthday party national Language action Committee, which met that night time, determined via a majority vote not to violate segment 144.
The pupil community, however, refused to just accept this decision. At a assembly on the morning of 21 February at the campus of the humanities faculty of the college (now dhaka scientific university and medical institution), the students unanimously agreed to stick to the earlier selection to defy phase one hundred forty four. After the meeting, they commenced collecting on the premises of the clinical university hostel. From there they attempted to proceed towards the Provincial meeting in which a session of the East Bengal Legislative assembly changed into approximately to start. The policemen on duty tried to disperse the scholars by way of firing blanks. whilst this failed, the police fired into the group. within the firing abul barkat, a college pupil, rafiq uddin ahmed, a scholar of Debendra college, manikganj, and abdul jabbar, a young farmer from gaffargaon, have been killed. abdus salam, a bank worker, turned into injured within the firing and died in sanatorium later. as a minimum two others also are believed to were killed inside the firing that day.
The response to the police killings turned into instant. human beings began to accumulate on the premises of Dhaka medical university clinic. all over the united states, schools and schools held protest conferences, rallies and processions.
To bring the scenario below control, the government enforced a curfew and deployed the navy in Dhaka. Defying the curfew, on 22 February, students along common humans came out on city streets to protest the killings. They participated in a gayebi janaza (funeral prayer held with out the lifeless body) at the clinical college campus. on the night of 23 February, the scholars built a shaheed minar (martyrs’ memorial) instant in which the students were killed. 3 days later, the police demolished the memorial.
although, the movement for the recognition of Bangla as a nation language received momentum. After the resounding victory of the united front in 1954, Bangla changed into recognized as one of the country languages of Pakistan at a consultation of the countrywide assembly on nine may 1954.
till 1971, the day become observed spontaneously, and served as an event to restore the emotions of nationalism and Bengali nationhood. After the liberation, the day became a country wide vacation and the university of dhaka took over the obligation of the renovation of the Shaheed Minar and its environs and the obligation of establishing the Shaheed Day. colorful alpana designs are painted on the floor, and Bangla verses and prose passages approximately Bangla are written on the partitions dealing with the Shaheed Minar.
At one minute beyond midnight on 21 February, the President of Bangladesh arrives on the Shaheed Minar to pay homage to the language martyrs. He/she is accompanied by using the top Minister, contributors of the cabinet, personnel of diplomatic missions in Dhaka, political leaders, representatives of diverse institutions and firms etc. at some stage in the day, people of all ages and from all walks of life visit the Shaheed Minar to pay tribute to those who gave their lives for Bangla. on foot slowly, they sing the mournful notes of the elegy, ‘Amar bhaiyer rakte rabgano ekushey february ami ki bhulite pari’ (am i able to forget 21 February reddened with the blood of my brothers?). apart from this famous tune, many poets have written poems on 21 February. In commemoration of the day, bangla academy holds a month-long ebook fair and organises literary and cultural activities for the duration of the month.
unique programmes are broadcast and telecast highlighting the importance of the day. exceptional cultural businesses also arrange various features. Newspapers publish special dietary supplements.
Ekushey February performs an vital function in making Bengalis aware about their cultural and national background and ultimately and the heritage to the upward thrust of Bengali nationalism. due to the fact 2000, 21 February is also being determined as the international mother Language Day. [Ahmed Rafique]